If you are reading these words, chances are good that–in addition to possessing impeccable taste in weblogs–you both enjoy reading and regularly engage in this activity. Sadly, though, you may be a member of a growing minority, as the following news article from the Washington Post details:
Americans are reading less and their reading proficiency is declining at troubling rates, according to a report that the National Endowment for the Arts will issue today. The trend is particularly strong among older teens and young adults, and if it is not reversed, the NEA report suggests, it will have a profound negative effect on the nation’s economic and civic future.
“This is really alarming data,” said NEA Chairman Dana Gioia. “Luckily, we still have an opportunity to address it, but if we wait 10, 20 years, I think it may be too late.”
Titled “To Read or Not to Read,” the report is a significant expansion of the NEA’s widely cited 2004 study, “Reading at Risk.” The NEA based that earlier study exclusively on data from its own arts surveys, and as a result, that analysis focused mainly on so-called literary reading — novels, stories, plays and poems. This led some critics to downplay its implications.
The new report assembles much more data, drawing on large-scale studies done by other government agencies (such as the Department of Education) and by non-government organizations. These studies tend to use broader definitions of reading, said Sunil Iyengar, the NEA’s director of research and analysis, with many looking at “all kinds of reading,” a category that includes reading done online.
The story the numbers tell, Gioia said, can be summed up in about four sentences:
“We are doing a better job of teaching kids to read in elementary school. But once they enter adolescence, they fall victim to a general culture which does not encourage or reinforce reading. Because these people then read less, they read less well. Because they read less well, they do more poorly in school, in the job market and in civic life.” [full text]