If you’ve ever lived in a gentrification zone, you can probably figure what the term “sustainable neighborhoods” means. These would be places where, among other things, low-income, elderly, and disabled folks aren’t bulldozed aside by development trends dictated strictly by market forces.
Bill Gates talks about income inequality and recommends a consumption tax on luxuries.
We write about billionaires and their philanthropy almost every day here at IP, and so we’ve been intrigued by Darrell West’s new book, Billionaires: Reflections on the Upper Crust.
With its largest grant to date from the Fund for New Jersey, Fair Share Housing Center (FSHC) is charging ahead with its mission to expand affordable housing and fight exclusionary zoning throughout New Jersey.
Greetings everyone! This election season Governor’s race has been a tough one for progressive democrats in Rhode Island. With over $5 million spent by Raimondo alone, and the top five candidates spending over $10 million total, I often feel like I am in the midst of a media blitzkrieg. Multiple negative glossy mailers show up daily on my doorstep and messages inundate me on Facebook and Google. Luckily, I don’t watch television, and candidate ads haven’t invaded Netflix. Hopefully they never will.
This election presents a difficult challenge for me. As a feminist and the mother of two daughters, I want so much to have a female Governor for the state, and yet I lack confidence in Raimondo’s ability to maintain an objective stance on how to best invest pension dollars. I am impressed with Angel Taveras and have been since he took over as Mayor of Providence. Then there’s Pell who seems to represent hope for a new vision, someone with the best kind of experience in politics — the least. They say it’s the fresh ones who get new content onto the table.
But then again, freshness is not always a good thing in politics, because freshness in politics could mean you are more easily tricked or deceived — you haven’t seen or played many of the games. So then I’m back to Angel Taveras who has done well for the city of Providence, especially considering the mess he was handed. Taveras also seems to be something of a peacemaker between warring factions, as he managed to bring together some unions and the city for contract negotiations. Raimondo seems to be more polarizing — it could have something to do with her taking the most audacious step of any state in the USA in terms of cutting back state and city worker pension benefits with the removal of their 3% cost of living adjustments until the unfunded liability has been sufficiently cleared up.
As you can see, I had a lot of questions for the candidates. About a month ago, I contacted the campaigns to see if they would answer 8 questions for my blog, and finally rounded them up and arm-twisted enough to get some answers. Taveras goes first, then Raimondo, and last Pell, not because I put them in that order for outcomes on Tuesday, but because that is the order in which they arrived in my inbox. I also contacted Todd Giroux, who did not respond.
1. In a twitter nutshell (140 characters), why should I vote for you?
Taveras: Experience matters. RI needs a Gov who not only has plans & ideas but can also deliver-as Mayor I put people first & delivered for our city.
Raimondo: RI is in a jobs crisis. I have the experience to be the jobs governor & get people back to work. I’ve proven that I can solve big problems.
Pell: I’m focused on solving problems not attacking my opponents. I’m not beholden to special interests. I bring new ideas to our broken politics.
2. What do you see as the reason so few people vote? What can regular citizens do to get more connected and active in the community?
Taveras: People need to believe that government is on their side and that their voice matters. I want to be a Governor who empowers people to make a difference in their community. If time or something else is standing in the way, start small by taking one issue that you care about or that is important to you and learning more about it. I believe the more you learn, the more you will want to learn and get involved. Voting, volunteering, and getting involved in the community and in issues that you care about makes a difference. It makes us stronger.
Raimondo: This election is the most important election we’ve had in decades. We’ve consistently had one of the highest unemployment rates in the country and families are struggling. We can’t have more of the same.
Government has to work and Rhode Islanders need confidence that elected officials are making decisions that are in the best interest of everyone, not just the insiders and special interests. I’m asking for all Rhode Islanders’ votes because I’ve shown that I will be a governor who does what is right for all Rhode Islanders. This election is too important to sit on the sidelines.
Pell: As Governor, I will empower people and engage our residents, businesses and nonprofit organizations to build a strong and vibrant economy. I have heard from so many people that they want to be more involved, but state government doesn’t listen or reflect them. I have a comprehensive and strategic plan for Rhode Island that builds on the incredible assets and people we are so fortunate to have in this state.
One idea I have proposed to engage people in, is the Hope Internship Program to ensure Rhode Island is the first state to offer every public high school student the opportunity to participate in a career training internship. The Hope Internship experience will provide generations of Rhode Island students with the opportunity to identify a career path, or spark the desire to attend college. Businesses and nonprofits will be able to connect with our public schools and provide critical real-world experiences for our high school students.
3. My friend Julie (not her real name) is very worried about her change in pension as a retired public school teacher. What do you have to say to her?
Taveras: I believe we should negotiate with our unions and retirees to come to a fair resolution that respects our pledge to workers and still aims to protect our state from massive unfunded liability. With my record as Mayor, I believe we can do both. I negotiated with Police, Fire, Teachers, City Workers, and retirees. By doing so we were able to turn a $110 structural deficit into a surplus. The same can be done at the state level.
With me as Governor along with a new Treasurer, I believe we will find a settlement with our teachers, police, firefighters, state workers, and retirees that moves Rhode Island forward but still respects working families.
Raimondo: Julie should know that her pension is secure and will be there for the long-term. We fixed the pension system to protect people’s pensions and ensure that our state has the resources to invest in moving our state forward.
Pell: I understand your friend’s concerns as I hear from many retirees and active employees about their pension changes and the uncertainty of their benefits. As Governor, I will truly listen to those affected by reforms in our pension system and work with stakeholders to achieve real pension security. I am concerned that the current pension reform is tied up in a lengthy court process and that the decision of one Judge could determine the pension benefits for current and future retirees. I am committed to providing fair and predictable retirement security for our employees that dedicate their careers to public service and will work hard every day to support their dedication.
4. Do you think Rhode Island corruption is better than it used to be? If so, in what ways?
Taveras: We must always be on guard and fight against corruption. We can always do better. Justice Brandeis said that “sunshine is the best disinfectant.” I believe that. Restored Ethics Commission oversight is an important first step. We must always fight for greater transparency and openness and we must hold wrongdoers accountable. That is what I have done as Mayor and that is also what I would do as Governor.
Raimondo: The real problem is the “know a guy culture” that favors insiders and the well-connected. Everyone should be treated the same and you shouldn’t get special treatment regardless if you are a famous baseball player or related to an elected official.
Pell: For too long, Rhode Island’s politics-as-usual system of cynicism, cronyism and unethical decision-making has damaged the state’s reputation. It has eroded people’s faith in government, and made it harder to do business, raise a family and enjoy a high quality of life. The government of Rhode Island must be transparent and ethical; it must conduct the people’s business with the highest ethical standards; and it must create systems to ensure government activities are held accountable if wrongdoing occurs.
I am the only candidate to propose a detailed Government Integrity plan to use the powers of the Governor’s Office to: improve the transparency of state agencies, require code of ethics training, improve customer service in state agencies, bring more transparency to the budget process, connect with constituents more regularly, encourage flexibility to achieve regulatory compliance, and reform regulatory enforcement.
I am committed to setting the bar for transparency- both in my Administration and in my campaign. That’s why I’ve pledged not to accept contributions from Political Action Committees (PACs) or state lobbyists, and that’s why I am the only candidate in this race that has taken the unprecedented step to disclose five years of my tax returns to the Providence Journal. I look forward to earning your trust and confidence, and demonstrating that the Governor’s Office and my Administration will be open and accessible to all voices.
5. As a freelance writer, I often compete with other writers in India and the Arab Emirates, among other countries, for jobs. What are your thoughts on globalization and the changes it will bring to American labor and the economy?
Taveras: Globalization is a reality. Our state and our country need to be able to compete on a global scale. That means ensuring that we have a properly trained workforce. We need to close our skills gap and ensure we are teaching our students the skills they need to be prepared to succeed in the jobs that exist today and tomorrow. It means we need to have a competitive economy. We need to look at all sectors as opportunities for growth and build a diverse economy. In Rhode Island, it also means taking advantage of the amazing assets we have right here from our colleges and universities to our hospitals and research facilities. It means taking advantage of our ports, our proximity to rail and our location on the eastern seaboard. We have much that sets us apart. We can do more to compete in a global economy.
We also need to start thinking in the long term and realize that we cannot be successful if we do not start investing in our people. That means improving education across the board from early childhood education on. We need to recognize this is a long term investment not only in our kids but also in the communities in which they live as well as in the future of our state.
Raimondo: The story of Rhode Island is we used to make things here. Thousands of people worked in jewelry and textile manufacturing. But then tens of thousands of those jobs left our state and we didn’t position ourselves for new industries.
Right now manufacturing is coming back from Asia for the first time in decades. As governor, I will be focused on making sure we are getting those jobs here in Rhode Island. We can make Rhode Island a leader in manufacturing again by turning the good ideas coming out of our colleges and universities into products we make here. My plan will make Rhode Island a leader in manufacturing again by building on areas of strength: marine science, food science, medical devices and industrial design.
Pell: As someone who has worked across the globe and led the world language programs at the U.S. Department of Education, I have seen firsthand how connected the global economy is and how we must prepare our students, workforce, and businesses to compete in this global economy. Preparing students to be successful in the workforce means they have to be better equipped to participate in a regional, national and global economy. Rhode Island’s public schools must provide learning opportunities that extend beyond Science, Technology, Engineering and Math (STEM) and promote skill development that will position students for success in this changing economy. I strongly support offering world languages, international connections, arts, and after school activities including sports to provide multiple pathways for student success.
“From 2010 – 2013, Rhode Island exports have increased by 60 percent, from $1.5 billion in 2009 to $2.4 billion in 2012. An estimated $11 million in sales and more than 500 new jobs resulted from trade missions to Israel, Japan, Panama, the Dominican Republic, and Canada in the past year alone. Rhode Island companies have also estimated another $5.3 million in sales from their participation in international trade shows” (Rhodemapri.org). Businesses in Rhode Island could have more growth opportunities if they had access to, or could afford export training and assistance. Additionally, the success of strategic trade missions has demonstrated the potential of Rhode Island businesses when they are connected with global opportunities.
As Governor, I will:
- Lead Commerce RI to develop a two year trade mission strategy starting in 2015 to increase the global network of opportunities for Rhode Island businesses.
- Increase the resources available for export training and technical assistance provided by the International Trade Office at Commerce RI to businesses. Additional resources would allow the Office to help develop more individual business plans and training that leads to successful export and import ventures for Rhode Island businesses.
- Increase the number of businesses that receive Export Management Training Grants.
- Leverage my multilingual abilities and my international experience to promote and attract talent and business to Rhode Island and help to identify more export opportunities.
6. What are the top 3 things we need to do to make Rhode Island a better state?
Taveras: We need to grow a diverse economy – from technology to tourism and everything in between – to get people back to work. I have introduced several plans that would help do that. My plan for the Ocean State Infrastructure Trust will invest $800 million over the next fifteen years to help our cities and towns make needed repairs to our roads, bridges and schools, putting as many as 4,500 people back to work right away. My plan Training Rhode Island will provide much needed job training and close our skills gap by pairing our community college system with employers who are looking to hire right now. The goal through the program is to create 5,000 new jobs. My plan Discover Rhode Island will invest $5 million per year in Rhode Island arts, culture and tourism to grow our tourism industry, bringing additional visitors and tax revenue into our state, and getting Rhode Islanders working again. The plan pays for itself over time and can create 2,600 jobs.
I also believe we need to improve our education system. Education can have a profound impact on a child’s life. It can be the path out of poverty. I know because it is the path I’ve traveled. That is why my first policy proposal as a candidate was Ready Rhode Island, my plan for Universal Pre-K. We need to support our students from cradle to career. My most recent plan Rhode Island Achieves, which begins with providing each Rhode Island newborn with a CollegeBoundfund, works to improve k-12 education in our state and makes college more affordable is an example of that.
Finally we need to restore hope and pride in our state. I have said that Rhode Islanders are going to save Rhode Island – I believe that we will. We have the knowledge, the talent and the ingenuity to do so. Working to get our economy on track is a big first step, improving our education system is another one. We need to celebrate and promote all that is right with our state. There is no doubt that we have work to do – but we also have much to be proud of. It’s time to recognize that within our state and to promote it far and wide.
Raimondo: Jobs, jobs, jobs. Rhode Island is a great place to live. We have fantastic beaches, amazing restaurants, great colleges and universities and a great location in between Boston and New York City. But we need to create good, high-skill, high-pay jobs.
Pell: The foundation of economic growth in Rhode Island is to invest in a world class education system, rebuild and maintain high-quality infrastructure, and leverage what is unique about the Ocean State. My economic strategy details specific actions that build on this foundation to ensure all Rhode Islanders have the opportunity to participate in the state’s economic recovery.
The implementation of this economic strategy will lead to:
- A more competitive business environment for Rhode Island;
- An increase in career opportunities for all Rhode Islanders;
- A greater emphasis on the unique attributes our state has to offer;
- A greater confidence in the fiscal stability of the state; and,
- A clearly defined economic vision that provides direction for future growth.
My entire economic strategy can be read at: http://claypell.com/issues
7. What advice would you give to young people in our state?
Taveras: I believe the best gift you can give yourself is to study hard and get a good education. Education is a great equalizer. I know from my own experience that it is the path to a better life. Educate yourself as much as you can. Be involved in your community. Speak up and speak out against injustice.
I would also ask them not to give up hope. We live in the best state in the country. Better days are ahead.
Raimondo: I want young people to stay here. I’ve called for a student loan forgiveness program that will help graduates stay in Rhode Island to work or start a business.
Pell: Seek out every new experience you can. Whether it’s a new subject in school, a classmate you might not have talked to before, or a different sport or job – try something you haven’t before. One reason I’m going to establish the Hope Internship Program (so that every public high school student can participate in an internship experience) is how transformative it can be to experience a field to which you might not have otherwise had exposure when thinking about careers you might pursue.
8. What will you do to reduce income inequality in Rhode Island?
Taveras: I would note many of the things that I have already mentioned will help to reduce income inequality. Improving our state’s education system cannot be undervalued. Getting our economy back on track and building a diverse economy figure prominently in ensuring there are good, quality jobs available for all our citizens. Improving job training so that we can ensure a better-skilled workforce and higher paying jobs is part of that. And finally we need to raise the minimum wage as quickly as possible.
Raimondo: Income inequality is a huge problem. I’ve called for an Office of Economic Empowerment in order to make sure that all Rhode Islanders have access to economic opportunity and that we are addressing chronic problems like homelessness and hunger with a focus on results.
But the most important thing we can do to reduce inequality is to create good jobs and equip Rhode Islanders with the skills employers are looking for. I’ll be a governor who will turn around this economy around in a way that leaves no one behind.
Pell: Too many Rhode Islanders are still paying a price because of barriers they simply should not face. In the workplace, housing, education, and the countless interactions that make life rich and fulfilling, many still do not enjoy full participation in the life of our state. That is why we must commit to nothing less than opportunity for all Rhode Islanders.
We can end the inequality and discrimination women experience in employment and healthcare; we can break down the barriers faced by our fellow citizens with disabilities to ensure they have a fair chance to gain meaningful employment; we can close achievement gaps in education and in the workplace for minorities; and we can build on the progress of marriage equality by pushing for true and unequivocal equal rights for our LGBT friends and neighbors. If we seize the future committed to equality for all Rhode Islanders, it will be a more prosperous future for us all.
I have proposed a comprehensive Women’s Equality Agenda because we must do more to empower women in Rhode Island and remove barriers to their success. We must promote diverse career opportunities for young women and increase their access to education and workforce development programs. We must develop multiple career pathways and encourage women to pursue careers traditionally held by men including transportation, engineering, construction and farming. We must address the ongoing scourge of pay inequity as well as increasing the minimum wage. Across all these areas we can make Rhode Island a national leader for women’s equality and empower women to achieve the same levels of success and advancement as their male counterparts.
I am the only candidate that has called for an immediate raise in the minimum wage to $10.10 an hour. I am the only candidate that opposed the recent estate tax break for the wealthy funded by gutting property tax relief for low-income people. I am the only candidate to provide specific responses to the Chamber of Commerce questionnaire on difficult questions that others were unwilling to respond to. I will stand with working Rhode Islanders who have been squeezed out of the economy by special interests and widening income inequality.
My Analysis of the Responses
If this were the only test to see who should win the primary, I would have to say that Taveras wins in my book. His answers were more thorough and comprehensive, and spoke to the details of his own experiences as Mayor. I actually got the impression he put some real thought into them. Raimondo seemed rushed, like she just wanted to get the whole thing over with. I realize these are hectic times at campaign central, but her answer to a question about the three things we need to do for the state of Rhode Island was: “jobs, jobs, jobs”? I’m pretty sure that answer won’t get you out of the 3rd grade, never mind a top job in public office.
And then there’s Pell. Generally, he had a lot to say. That’s what you do when you don’t have a lot of experience. A friend of mine on Facebook, a retired teacher who seems to be supporting Pell, commented that he doesn’t look at what people say, he looks at what they do. And that’s my biggest problem with Clay Pell. He has not done a lot in the state for us to look at. But he does have some very good ideas.
I’m one of those people who gets nervous when the market hits new highs amidst what looks like a deteriorating economy for the middle class…but I’ll try not to be a Debbie Downer so, “Happy New Record for the Dow Day!”
Herding the incomes of the young into deteriorating assets like housing is a dangerous misallocation of capital and investment. Investing heavily in housing means those incomes are not being invested in productive opportunities in other sectors of the economy, whether that is investment in the stocks of other companies, or individuals starting their own businesses.